Vocal range chart is the chart showing the range of the human vocal. The vocal range can be classified in between the highest and lowest pitches that human can produce.
High voice ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Medium voice ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low voice
Table of Contents
Aural Study of Vocal Ranges
These ranges correspond to the following:
Soprano: C4 to A5
Mezzo-soprano: A3 to F#5
Alto: G3 to E5 (and contralto as F3-D5)
Tenor: roughly C3 to A4
Baritone: A2 to F4
Bass: F2 to E4
However, in the layman explanation, as according to the vocal ranges chart above. Vocal range is merely the span between the highest to lowest notes.
It’s crucial to identify the vocal range correctly since vocal range of woman and men might be varied. For example, a man he can has a 2 and 1 1/2 octave range in the full voice and additional 1 1/2 octave in falsetto. And compared to a woman’s vocal range, a woman can has 2 octave and additional major 3rd on the very bottom of the vocal range chart.
What is Vocal Range?
The role of vocal range in classifying different singing voices to voice types is considered so important. However, there are times when these 2 terms are being confused with each other. The term “voice type” refers to a specific type of singing voice that has identifying characteristics or qualities.
Vocal range is considered only one of those qualities. There are many other factors included such as vocal weight, vocal registration, scientific testing, speech level, physical characteristics, vocal transition, vocal timbre and vocal tessitura. A combination of all these factors is utilized to determine a singer’s voice, and categorize it into a specific type of voice type.
Today, vocal pedagogists use a variety of voice types in different systems of voice classification. However, many of these types are sub-types falling under 7 different main voice categories. In most cases, they are acknowledged in all major systems of voice classification.
Types of Vocal Range
The voices of women are divided into 3 categories: soprano, contralto and mezzo-soprano. In the case of men, their voices are typically categorized into 4 groups: tenor, countertenor, bass and baritone. When it comes to the pre-pubescent children’s voices, treble and 8th term is usually applied.
In each of these main categories, several sub-categories are present that serve to identify particular voice qualities such as vocal weight and coloratura facility to differentiate various types of voices. The irony is that the vocal range itself has no ability to identify the voice type of a singer.
Female Vocal Range Type
Treble (F3-)Bb3-Ab5(-Db6) (This type of voice only applicable to kids below 11 years old, as their voices haven’t changed yet. Some vocalists classify them as Sopranos, Altos, etc…)
Male Vocal Range Type
High Tenor (G#2-)C#3-B4(-E5)
Low Tenor (F2-)Bb2-Ab4(-Db5)
High Baritone (Eb2-)Ab2-F#4(-B4)
Low Bass (F1-)Bb1-Ab3(-Db4)
Each voice type is known to possess a general voice range that is associated with it. Singing voices may cover vocal ranges that have only 1 voice type, or they fall between the common ranges of 2 voice types. In this case, voice teachers use only vocal range as a factor in categorizing a singer’s voice.
Finding The Tessitura Voice Within Your Range
Tessitura refers to where your voice is comfortable when singing. It is considered more important than vocal range in determining the voice classification. Another more important factor is vocal timbre, described as the descriptive sound of your singing voice. As an example, a woman can have a type of vocal range that can reach the high pitch of a mezzo-soprano.
Accordingly, she can also sing the low notes of a soprano. Therefore, a voice teacher would try to determine if a singer is more comfortable in singing higher or lower notes. Let’s say that you are more comfortable to sing higher notes, then, your teacher may classify you as a soprano.
On the other hand, if you were more comfortable in singing lower notes, then, you would probably be classified as a mezzo-soprano. However, a voice teacher would not put a singer into a classification of more than 1voice type, regardless of his/her size of vocal range.
You can learn more about Tessitura voice and vocal classification in this article: How to Find Your Tessitura Voice?
How to Find Your Vocal Range?
You can identify your lowest vocal range and highest vocal range you can hit by following the guide in this video below. Listen to the note and sing it along, let’s see what is the highest note you are able to sing…
Let’s check and find your vocal range using this chart after you have test your vocal through the video above.
It’s to give you some ideas on how the vocal range works. As a singer, you are will be able to perform any song more soulfully and powerful if you have a wider vocal range to handle different octaves and registers efficiently.