Vocal Range Chart

Vocal range chart is the chart showing the range of the human vocal. The vocal range can be classified in between the highest and lowest pitches that human can produce.

     High voice ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Medium voice ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Low voice

vocal-range-chart

Aural Study of Vocal Ranges

These ranges correspond to the following:
Soprano: C4 to A5
Mezzo-soprano: A3 to F#5
Alto: G3 to E5 (and contralto as F3-D5)
Tenor: roughly C3 to A4
Baritone: A2 to F4
Bass: F2 to E4

However, in the layman explanation, as according to the vocal ranges chart above. Vocal range is merely the span between the highest to lowest notes.

It’s crucial to identify the vocal range correctly since vocal range of woman and men might be varied. For example, a man he can has a 2 and 1 1/2 octave range in the full voice and additional 1 1/2 octave in falsetto. And compared to a woman’s vocal range, a woman can has 2 octave and additional major 3rd on the very bottom of the vocal range chart.

What is Vocal Range?

The role of vocal range in classifying different singing voices to voice types is considered so important. However, there are times when these 2 terms are being confused with each other. The term “voice type” refers to a specific type of singing voice that has identifying characteristics or qualities.

Vocal range is considered only one of those qualities. There are many other factors included such as vocal weight, vocal registration, scientific testing, speech level, physical characteristics, vocal transition, vocal timbre and vocal tessitura. A combination of all these factors is utilized to determine a singer’s voice, and categorize it into a specific type of voice type.

Today, vocal pedagogists use a variety of voice types in different systems of voice classification. However, many of these types are sub-types falling under 7 different main voice categories. In most cases, they are acknowledged in all major systems of voice classification.

Types of Vocal Range

The voices of women are divided into 3 categories: soprano, contralto and mezzo-soprano. In the case of men, their voices are typically categorized into 4 groups: tenor, countertenor, bass and baritone. When it comes to the pre-pubescent children’s voices, treble and 8th term is usually applied.

In each of these main categories, several sub-categories are present that serve to identify particular voice qualities such as vocal weight and coloratura facility to differentiate various types of voices. The irony is that the vocal range itself has no ability to identify the voice type of a singer.

Female Vocal Range Type

Sopranino (A3-)D4-C6(-F6)
Soprano (F#3-)B3-A5(-D6)
Treble (F3-)Bb3-Ab5(-Db6) (This type of voice only applicable to kids below 11 years old, as their voices haven’t changed yet. Some vocalists classify them as Sopranos, Altos, etc…)
Mezzo-Soprano (E3-)A3-G5(-C6)
Alto (D3-)G3-F5(-Bb5)
Contralto (C3-)F3-Eb5(-Ab5)

Male Vocal Range Type

Countertenor (Bb2-)Eb3-Db5(-F#5)
High Tenor (G#2-)C#3-B4(-E5)
Tenor (G2-)C3-Bb4(-Eb5)
Low Tenor (F2-)Bb2-Ab4(-Db5)
High Baritone (Eb2-)Ab2-F#4(-B4)
Baritone (D2-)G2-F4(-Bb4)
Bass-Baritone (C2-)F2-Eb4(-Ab4)
Bass (B1-)E2-D4(-G4)
Low Bass (F1-)Bb1-Ab3(-Db4)
Octavist (B0-)E1-D3(-G3)

Each voice type is known to possess a general voice range that is associated with it. Singing voices may cover vocal ranges that have only 1 voice type, or they fall between the common ranges of 2 voice types. In this case, voice teachers use only vocal range as a factor in categorizing a singer’s voice.

Tessitura refers to where your voice is comfortable when singing. It is considered more important than vocal range in determining the voice classification. Another more important factor is vocal timbre, described as the descriptive sound of your singing voice. As an example, a woman can have a type of vocal range that can reach the high pitch of a mezzo-soprano.

Accordingly, she can also sing the low notes of a soprano. Therefore, a voice teacher would try to determine if a singer is more comfortable in singing higher or lower notes. Let’s say that you are more comfortable to sing higher notes, then, your teacher may classify you as a soprano.

On the other hand, if you were more comfortable in singing lower notes, then, you would probably be classified as a mezzo-soprano. However, a voice teacher would not put a singer into a classification of more than 1voice type, regardless of his/her size of vocal range.

How to Find Your Vocal Range?

You can identify your lowest vocal range and highest vocal range you can hit by following the guide in this video below. Listen to the note and sing it along, let’s see what is the highest note you are able to sing…

Voice Type Chart

Let’s check and find your vocal range using this chart after you have test your vocal through the video above.

23 comments… add one

  • Michaela shields

    I’m hitting a low of a3 and a high of c5 what is my range

  • Darren

    I’m so confused. My vocal range is from E2 – G7(including chest, middle, head voice, and whistle). What is exactly my vocal type?

  • Darren

    Umm I mean D2 – G7. It expands lower recently.

    • Ren

      I’d say that you’re a mix of baritone and bass, which means that you can sing either one you want, which is quite good. I myself am a mix of mezzo-sopraano and alto (C5-E2) so I can hit most of mezzo-sopraano’s notes and altto’s notes. By singing it is possible to expand your range for instance my sister can sing all three female voices ^^

    • Jessica

      If you can sing a G7 (assuming you’re not whistling, right?), you can sing higher than Mariah Carey does in Emotions.

  • W. Leonard Maye

    I’m looking for a songwriter who is emapthetic to a bass singer who also has deep spiritual roots.

  • Andy

    Hi! I have a doubt on my vocal range. I can go from low E2 to high C5. What’s my type voice? I saw somewhere that’d be “lyric tenor” but I’m not sure =/

  • mike

    I can’t find a single website with a FULL chart showing the vocal ranges. Saying “C4-A5″ for example doesn’t mean jack to me. What goes between those two notes? This is only helpful if you happen to be EXACTLY on those notes. I have no idea where F#2 (one of my extremes) fits in there. Show the whole thing! Stop with the short-hand.

    • Rut

      Finally I found somebody that thinks the same way I do. I have the same problem, I don’t know which type of voice I have. My lowest note is A3 and my highest is D4 (I’m a female). If you find a webside that shows the full chart, please let me know.

  • Ana

    I sing a5 and f5 really comfortably but i can also sing g3 and g5… but a5 and f5 most comfortably.. whats my range?

  • shelby

    My voice range is low C4 and high F5

    Am I soprano, mezzo soprano, or alto?

    • Claire

      Soprano because you can hit the high notes. But you can also cleanly hit a c4. Which is a normal for sopranos.

  • Kate

    Ok I’m F3 to C5…what doesn’t that make me?!?

    • Kate

      I think I’m either alto or mezzo soprano.

  • Claire

    I can make a G3 but I can also hit a E5 perfect. So I am really confused with that I am.

  • King

    What do you think?for all of you wondering what your range is, it’s where YOU most comfortably sing. Are you a girl and your low notes are awesome while your high notes aren’t the greatest? probably alto, other way around? soprano. cant quite hit those super high top notes? mezzo-soprano (aka soprano 2).
    Same goes for guys.

  • Brookelyn

    My range is C3 to E7 so basically according to this article my range covers that of tenor through soprano and beyond so what does that make me?

  • LANADELRAYOFSUNSHINE

    What am I if I have a range of G3 to G4? Sorry new to this.

  • tracii tate

    i am a male rock singer for a glam rock group with a strong head voice
    my range is E2 To A5 just curious to what that is

  • Rut

    My lowest is A3 and my highest is D4. I’m a female. I’m 13 almost 14 in August. I’m really confused, if you could help me to find my vocal range, i would appreciate it.

    PD: Sorry if my english isn’t perfect, my native laguange is spanish.

  • Jonathan Pfost

    I actually have a wide vocal range! The lowest note that I can hit comfortably is a F1, but can go as low as an Eb1! Then the highest note that I can hit comfortably is an A5, but can go as high as C6! I just graduated from Columbia high school in Nampa, ID and my choir teacher said it was extremely hard to assign me a voice part. She put me in the bass AND the alto section because of my range. She did get in trouble for doing that, which I honestly thought was stupid, mainly because she had me do a solo for both sections, which got the school a plaque for the concert choir, which was the first ever in the school’s history of 8 years, along with my picture on two plaques. One for being the lowest bass soloist for a mixed school choir and the second one for being the first guy to nail an alto solo in choir festival!

  • Deanen

    So I did it, the test in the video. It said do all the notes your comfortable with. Well I did it a bunch of times and I get E2 – A5. And btw I like to sing low and high but not too high. Like Frank Sinatra, Artic Monkeys, Dean Martin, What am I?

    I don’t really sing up until now I actually feel more confident. But I also noticed I like to mimic voices alot, any voice, high to deep since I was a kid. I noticed I can do Megatrons voice too lol. Idk I would like to expand my mind in this field, so any help is appreciated.

    Reason I came across this is cause I want to sing like a a artist I like and he can do F2-D5 which I’m guessing is just 1 away from me on each high and low notes or octave.

  • Katie

    So my range is from F3 to A5… What would I be exactly?

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